How problem formulations shape trade-offs in water resources systems: a new paper on WRR

Managing water resources systems requires coordinated operation of system infrastructure to mitigate the impacts of hydrologic extremes while balancing conflicting multisectoral demands. Traditionally, recommended management strategies are derived by optimizing system operations under a single problem framing that is assumed to accurately represent the system objectives, tacitly ignoring the myriad of effects that could arise from simplifications and mathematical assumptions made when formulating the problem. In this new paper we illustrate the benefits of a rival framings framework in which analysts instead interrogate multiple competing hypotheses of how complex water management problems should be formulated. We illustrate this on the monsoonal Red River basin in Vietnam by optimizing operations of the system’s four largest reservoirs under several different multiobjective problem framings.  MORE HERE