Research projects

Project Ô is a EU-H2020 project which aims at demonstrating the efficacy of technologies for more circular and sustainable water management systems. The research will design, develop and test an ICT-based decision-analytic platform to support policy makers in selecting optimal water planning portfolios, composed of traditional options, new water re-use technologies and advanced regulatory mechanisms. The project demonstrates the efficacy and efficiency of planning and technology tools for a circular economy, and an integrated and symbiotic use of water in three different sites: two which are water utility-driven in the Puglia region (Italy) and Almendralejo (Spain); and one business-driven  in an inland, salt water aquaculture facility in Eilat (Israel). In each case, an integrated and participative approaches to water planning will be applied involving directly the community to foster social innovation.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (PI), Matteo Giuliani, Jazmin Zatarain Salazar, Marco Micotti, Enrico Weber.
Duration: 2018-2022.
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IRIS (Italian Research and development Intiative for Spaceborne river monitoring) is a collaborative research project with Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale  to explore new remote sensing river surveys, which can support the implementation of the Water Framework Directive concerning hydromorphological components of the ecological status, and can integrate the already existing Italian protocol IDRAIM. IRIS will explore the potentialities offered by the European programme on Earth Observation, Copernicus to monitor river channel processes and forms. In particular, IRIS will analyze the information provided by Sentinel-2 multi-spectral bands and Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR)  to classify macro-geomorphic units and associated processes within major river systems in Italy. Ground-truths will be collected by UASs (Unmanned Aerial Systems, also known as Drones)  acquisitions. Three case studies will be selected as representative of the  the diversity of Italian river systems from north to south. The objective is to explore the existing potentialities to develop an integrated river hydromorphological monitoring framework usable at national scale, where low spatial resolution (meters), acquired frequently (days) and available on large scale (continental) information derived by  Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 is fused in a cost-effective manner with local, high resolution UAS acquisitions.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (PI), Barbara Belletti, Simone Bizzi.
Duration: 2017-2020.


DAFNE is a H2020 EU project targeted to establish a decision-analytic framework for the exploration of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in transboundary river basins in Africa. DAFNE will integrate multiple and diverse international and local academic expertise, ranging from natural sciences, water engineering, and environmental economics, to water governance and laws in order to facilitate social understanding of the impact and support comparative analysis of alternative development pathways. Results will be deployed in two pilot case studies in rapidly growing African regions, the Zambezi and the Omo Rivers basins.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (PI, deputy coordinator), Federica Bertoni, Matteo Giuliani, Marco Micotti, Enrico Weber, Marta Zaniolo.
Duration: 2016-2020.
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SO-WATCH is a Fondazione Cariplo project aiming at developing and testing a novel decision-analytic framework to assist decision-makers in designing and assessing alternative soft-path measures for improving the overall water productivity at the river basin scale. SO-WATCH will combine distributed and participatory management, coordination mechanisms, low-cost and reversible infrastructural interventions, and smart economics to increase the flexibility of water management practices under current and projected hydro-climatic and socio-techno-economic conditions. The framework will be developed for the Lake Como river basin, Italy.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (coordinator), Matteo Giuliani, Enrico Weber.
Duration: 2016-2019.
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AMBER is a H2020 EU project targeted to improve European streams connectivity. AMBER will apply adaptive barrier management to help reconnect Europe’s rivers, the smart way. AMBER will make the first global assessment of stream connectivity across Europe, and use the power of citizen science and the latest developments in remote sensing, molecular methods and assessment of ecosystem services to prioritize areas for conservation and optimize barrier management.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (PI), Barbara Belletti, Simone Bizzi.
Duration: 2016-2020.
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IMPREX is a H2020 EU project designed to support the reduction of Europe’s vulnerability to extreme hydrological events through improved understanding of the intensity and frequency of future disrupting features that may be very different from today’s reality. By combining expertise from both public and private sector, the IMPREX project consortium aims to bridge the gap that often exists between users and providers of hydro-climatic information. The goal is to substantially improve our forecasting capability of hydrological extremes and their impacts at short to seasonal time scales. We are contributing to IMPREX by exploring the operational value of forecats for agriculture and hydropower in the Lake Como basin.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti, Matteo Giuliani, Patrizia Zamberletti.
Duration: 2015-2019.
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Past projects


SmartH2O is an EU-FP7 project developing an ICT platform to understand and model the consumers’ current behaviour, based on historical and real-time water usage data, predict how the consumer behaviour can be influenced by various water demand management policies: water savings campaigns, social awareness campaigns, to dynamic water pricing schemes, and raise the awareness of water consumers on their current water usage habits and their lifestyle implications and to stimulate them to reduce water use. Results have been developed in three challenging use cases, in selected districts of Valencia (S), London (UK)  and Locarno (CH) , potentially reaching millions of users.
People involved: Andrea Castelletti (PI, deputy coordinator), Matteo Giuliani, Andrea Cominola.
Duration: 2014-2017.
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IMRR – Integrated and sustainable water Management of Red-Thai Binh Rivers system in a changing climate aims at developing and promoting strategies for the sustainable management of the Red-Thai Binh Rivers System in Vietnam through coordinated decision-making and negotiation, supported by modelling and optimization tools and through capacity building of local authorities in the water sector.

Strada 2.0

Strada 2.0 project is a follow-up of the previous STRADA-Verbace Project, aimed to the realization of a online monitoring system of the effects of lake Maggiore and lake Lugano management.The project has been proposed by Canton Ticino (CH) and Regione Lombardia (I) and it will rely on the knowledge framework defined in the STRADA-Verbace project, which identified 20 sectors of interest and more than 100 indicators to assess the effects of several possible changes in the two lakes management strategies. The monitoring system will be built with open source tecnologies and it will give access, trough a dynamic map of the system, to all the information related to indicators and phisical variables all over the system.


The research project aims at increasing stakeholders’ satisfaction regarding the management of the transnational waters of the lakes Maggiore (IT) and Lugano (CH). Several actions were evaluated to identify, in a participated way, the management policies that gain the highest public consent. These policies were assessed under historical and climate change scenarios, with particular focus on the effect produced in lakeside towns, on the Ticino River banks and on the implementation of the minimum environmental flow regulatory constraints. The project has been funded through the STRADA project, in the INTERREG/2007-2013 program of international cooperation.


TwoLe is a system for planning and management of water resources in Lombardy (IT). It aims at testing a procedure for sustainable, participated and integrated water management, consistent with the legislative settings at the local, national and european level. The project has been funded by Fondazione Cariplo and carried out by the NRM group in collaboration with prof. Claudio Gandolfi’s research group (UNIMI), prof. Eliott Laniado’s research group (CNR), prof. Marco Mancini’s research group (DIIAR, POLIMI) and Andrea Nardini’s research group (CIRF).